H-Ras, R-Ras, and TC21 differentially regulate ureteric bud cell branching morphogenesis.

Pozzi A, Coffa S, Bulus N, Zhu W, Chen D, Chen X, Mernaugh G, Su Y, Cai S, Singh A, Brissova M, Zent R
Mol Biol Cell. 2006 17 (4): 2046-56

PMID: 16467383 · PMCID: PMC1415315 · DOI:10.1091/mbc.e05-08-0800

The collecting system of the kidney, derived from the ureteric bud (UB), undergoes repetitive bifid branching events during early development followed by a phase of tubular growth and elongation. Although members of the Ras GTPase family control cell growth, differentiation, proliferation, and migration, their role in development of the collecting system of the kidney is unexplored. In this study, we demonstrate that members of the R-Ras family of proteins, R-Ras and TC21, are expressed in the murine collecting system at E13.5, whereas H-Ras is only detected at day E17.5. Using murine UB cells expressing activated H-Ras, R-Ras, and TC21, we demonstrate that R-Ras-expressing cells show increased branching morphogenesis and cell growth, TC21-expressing cells branch excessively but lose their ability to migrate, whereas H-Ras-expressing cells migrated the most and formed long unbranched tubules. These differences in branching morphogenesis are mediated by differential regulation/activation of the Rho family of GTPases and mitogen-activated protein kinases. Because most branching of the UB occurs early in development, it is conceivable that R-Ras and TC-21 play a role in facilitating branching and growth in early UB development, whereas H-Ras might favor cell migration and elongation of tubules, events that occur later in development.

MeSH Terms (17)

Animals Cell Movement Cell Proliferation Cells, Cultured Enzyme Activation Epithelium Extracellular Signal-Regulated MAP Kinases Kidney Tubules, Collecting Membrane Proteins Mesoderm Mice Monomeric GTP-Binding Proteins Morphogenesis p38 Mitogen-Activated Protein Kinases ras Proteins Signal Transduction Ureter

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