A biosynthetic pathway generating 12-hydroxy-5,8,14-eicosatrienoic acid from arachidonic acid is active in mouse skin microsomes.

Du L, Yermalitsky V, Hachey DL, Jagadeesh SG, Falck JR, Keeney DS
J Pharmacol Exp Ther. 2006 316 (1): 371-9

PMID: 16169934 · DOI:10.1124/jpet.105.093922

The epidermis expresses cyclooxygenases, lipoxygenases, and cytochromes P450, which utilize arachidonic acid to generate a diverse array of lipid mediators affecting epidermal cellular differentiation and functions. Recent studies show that mouse epidermis expresses CYP2B19, a keratinocyte-specific epoxygenase that generates 11,12- and 14,15-epoxyeicosatrienoic (EET) acids from arachidonate. We studied CYP2B19-dependent metabolism in mouse epidermal microsomes, reconstituted in the presence of [1-(14)C]arachidonic acid. The majority of the (14)C products formed independently of NADPH, indicative of robust epidermal cyclooxygenase and lipoxygenase activities. We studied two NADPH-dependent products generated in a highly reproducible manner from arachidonate. One of these (product I) coeluted with the CYP2B19 product 14,15-EET on a reversed-phase high-performance liquid chromatography (HPLC) system; there was no evidence for other regioisomeric EET products. Further analyses proved that product I was not an epoxy fatty acid, based on different retention times on a normal-phase HPLC system and failure of product I to undergo hydrolysis in acidic solution. We analyzed purified epidermal (14)C products by liquid chromatography negative electrospray ionization mass spectrometry. Structures of the NADPH-dependent products were confirmed to be 12-oxo-5,8,14-eicosatrienoic acid (I) and 12-hydroxy-5,8,14-eicosatrienoic acid (II). This was the first evidence for a 12-hydroxy-5,8,14-eicosatrienoic acid biosynthetic pathway in mouse epidermis. Epidermal microsomes also generated 12-hydroperoxy, 12-hydroxy, and 12-oxo eicosatetraenoic acids from arachidonate, possible intermediates in the 12-hydroxy-5,8,14-eicosatrienoic acid biosynthetic pathway. These results predict that hydroxyeicosatrienoic acids are synthesized from arachidonate in human epidermis. This would have important implications for human skin diseases given the known pro- and anti-inflammatory activities of stereo- and regioisomeric hydroxyeicosatrienoic acids.

MeSH Terms (15)

8,11,14-Eicosatrienoic Acid Animals Animals, Newborn Arachidonic Acid Aryl Hydrocarbon Hydroxylases Chromatography, Liquid Cytochrome P450 Family 2 Lipoxygenase Mass Spectrometry Mice Microsomes Mixed Function Oxygenases NADP Skin Stereoisomerism

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