Health-related quality of life (HRQL) is an outcome that may be used to measure the impact of sickle cell disease on the child and their family but has not been routinely assessed in this disease. The objective of this study was to describe the HRQL of children with sickle cell disease as reported by the parent and the child, to compare the relationship between the two, and to determine the association of parent, child and disease characteristics on HRQL. Ninety-five parents completed the Child Health Questionnaire (CHQ)-Parent Form28 and 53 children completed the CHQ-Child Form87. Compared with the child report, parents reported worse HRQL in the overall perception of health, physical functioning, behaviour and self esteem domains of HRQL (P < 0.005). Parent and child reports of HRQL correlated strongly in assessment of the impact of bodily pain (r = 0.58) on HRQL and moderately in physical functioning (r = 0.44), behaviour (r = 0.45), general health (r = 0.44), self esteem (r = 0.40) and changes in health (r = 0.33) domains. Disease status, neurobehavioral co-morbidities, and parent education were associated with the HRQL of the child. Both the parent and child perspectives are needed to fully understand the impact of sickle cell disease on the HRQL of the child and effect of this disease on the family.