Modality independent elastography (MIE): potential applications in dermoscopy.

Miga MI, Rothney MP, Ou JJ
Med Phys. 2005 32 (5): 1308-20

PMID: 15984683 · DOI:10.1118/1.1895795

The use of palpation information for skin disease characterization is not as commonly used as in other soft tissues, although mechanical differences within lesions have been noted. For example, regions of hyperkeratosis have the potential to transform into cancerous lesions and likely feature different material properties from those of surrounding normal tissue due to varying cytoarchitecture. As a result, the spatial distribution of lesion mechanical properties may serve to assist a diagnosis or enhance visualization of the complete extent of a cancerous region, i.e., accurate information regarding the margins of disease for surgical therapy. In this work, a multiresolution extension to a novel elastographic imaging method called Modality Independent Elastography (MIE) is used to characterize the mechanical properties of a skin-like phantom embedded with a mock stiff lesion. Simulation studies were also performed to investigate the potential for characterizing realistic melanoma lesions. Elasticity image reconstructions from the phantom experiments localized the stiff inclusion and had good correlation between the Young's modulus contrast ratio and experimental measurements from material testing. In addition, multiresolution MIE was shown to be a more robust framework than its single-resolution version. Results from the melanoma simulation demonstrate the potential for using multiresolution MIE with dermoscopic images.

MeSH Terms (12)

Algorithms Dermoscopy Elasticity Humans Image Interpretation, Computer-Assisted Melanoma Phantoms, Imaging Physical Stimulation Reproducibility of Results Sensitivity and Specificity Skin Neoplasms Stress, Mechanical

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