Claudin-1 regulates cellular transformation and metastatic behavior in colon cancer.

Dhawan P, Singh AB, Deane NG, No Y, Shiou SR, Schmidt C, Neff J, Washington MK, Beauchamp RD
J Clin Invest. 2005 115 (7): 1765-76

PMID: 15965503 · PMCID: PMC1150288 · DOI:10.1172/JCI24543

Disruption of the cell-cell junction with concomitant changes in the expression of junctional proteins is a hallmark of cancer cell invasion and metastasis. The role of adherent junction proteins has been studied extensively in cancer, but the roles of tight junction (TJ) proteins are less well understood. Claudins are recently identified members of the tetraspanin family of proteins, which are integral to the structure and function of TJs. Recent studies show changes in expression/cellular localization of claudins during tumorigenesis; however, a causal relationship between claudin expression/localization and cancer has not been established. Here, we report an increased expression of claudin-1 in human primary colon carcinoma and metastasis and in cell lines derived from primary and metastatic tumors. We also report frequent nuclear localization of claudin-1 in these samples. Genetic manipulations of claudin-1 expression in colon cancer cell lines induced changes in cellular phenotype, with structural and functional changes in markers of epithelial-mesenchymal transition. Furthermore, we demonstrate that changes in claudin-1 expression have significant effects on growth of xenografted tumors and metastasis in athymic mice. We further provide data suggesting that the regulation of E-cadherin expression and beta-catenin/Tcf signaling is a possible mechanism underlying claudin-1-dependent changes.

MeSH Terms (18)

Animals beta Catenin Cell Line, Tumor Cell Transformation, Neoplastic Claudin-1 Colonic Neoplasms Cytoskeletal Proteins Female Humans Membrane Proteins Mice Mice, Nude Neoplasm Metastasis Neoplasm Transplantation RNA, Small Interfering Signal Transduction Trans-Activators Transplantation, Heterologous

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