Limited-stage small-cell lung cancer (stages I-III): observations from the National Cancer Data Base.

Gaspar LE, Gay EG, Crawford J, Putnam JB, Herbst RS, Bonner JA
Clin Lung Cancer. 2005 6 (6): 355-60

PMID: 15943896 · DOI:10.3816/CLC.2005.n.015

The standard treatment of limited-stage small-cell lung cancer (LS-SCLC) has changed over the past 15 years. Standard treatment for LS-SCLC currently involves multiple-agent chemotherapy and early concurrent thoracic radiation therapy. Four patient cohorts (total number of patients, 22,969) diagnosed with LS-SCLC in 1985 (N=2123), 1990 (N=6279), 1995 (N=7815), and 2000 (N=6752) were studied in order to describe demographic and treatment pattern changes as well as 5-year survival rates across cohorts. Women composed 40.2% of patients in the 1985 cohort but represented a significant proportional increase over each successive cohort, representing 50.8% of the 2000 cohort. The proportion of patients aged >or=70 years also significantly increased over time, from 31.6% in 1985 to 44.9% in 2000 (P<0.001). Over these years, the use of chemoradiation as the primary treatment for patients with LS-SCLC increased from 34.6% to 51.9% (from 37% to 60.5% for patients aged <70 years, and from 29.5% to 41.3% for patients aged >or=70 years). During the same time, the use of chemotherapy as the sole treatment decreased from 30.7% in 1985 to 21.7% in 2000. Chemotherapy as the sole treatment was used in 25.9% of the population>or=70 years of age in 2000, compared with 18.3% in patients aged <70 years. The percent of patients for which there was no treatment given did not change significantly between the cohorts (14.3% in 1985 and 13.7% in 2000; P<0.001). The 5-year survival rates and 95% confidence intervals (CIs) for the 1985, 1990, and 1995 cohorts of all ages of patients treated with chemoradiation therapy are as follows: 10.5% (CI, 6.75%-14.25%), 11.88% (CI, 9.63%-14.13%), and 13.3% (CI, 11.2%-15.4%). Between 1985 and 2000 there was a significant increase in the percentage of women diagnosed with LS-SCLC. The use of combined chemotherapy and radiation therapy also increased during this period. This increase in chemoradiation therapy was associated with a decreased use of chemotherapy alone. Despite changes in demographics and treatment during these time intervals, the 5-year survival for patients with LS-SCLC treated with chemoradiation therapy did not increase significantly. These results demonstrate the continued need for the evaluation of new treatments in this group of patients.

MeSH Terms (13)

Aged Age Distribution Carcinoma, Small Cell Chemotherapy, Adjuvant Cohort Studies Databases as Topic Female Humans Lung Neoplasms Male Radiotherapy, Adjuvant Sex Distribution United States

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