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Backbone dynamics of calcium-loaded calbindin D9k studied by two-dimensional proton-detected 15N NMR spectroscopy.

K├Ârdel J, Skelton NJ, Akke M, Palmer AG, Chazin WJ
Biochemistry. 1992 31 (20): 4856-66

PMID: 1591246 · DOI:10.1021/bi00135a017

Backbone dynamics of calcium-loaded calbindin D9k have been investigated by two-dimensional proton-detected heteronuclear nuclear magnetic resonance spectroscopy, using a uniformly 15N enriched protein sample. Spin-lattice relaxation rate constants, spin-spin relaxation rate constants, and steady-state [1H]-15N nuclear Overhauser effects were determined for 71 of the 72 backbone amide 15N nuclei. The relaxation parameters were analyzed using a model-free formalism that incorporates the overall rotational correlation time of the molecule, and a generalized order parameter (S2) and an effective internal correlation time for each amide group. Calbindin D9k contains two helix-loop-helix motifs joined by a linker loop at one end of the protein and a beta-type interaction between the two calcium-binding loops at the other end. The amplitude of motions for the calcium-binding loops and the helices are similar, as judged from the average S2 values of 0.83 +/- 0.05 and 0.85 +/- 0.04, respectively. The linker region joining the two calcium-binding subdomains of the molecule has a significantly higher flexibility, as indicated by a substantially lower average S2 value of 0.59 +/- 0.23. For residues in the linker loop and at the C-terminus, the order parameter is further decomposed into separate order parameters for motional processes on two distinct time scales. The effective correlation times are significantly longer for helices I and IV than for helices II and III or for the calcium-binding loops. Residue by residue comparisons reveal correlations of the order parameters with both the crystallographic B-factors and amide proton exchange rates, despite vast differences in the time scales to which these properties are sensitive. The order parameters are also utilized to distinguish regions of the NMR-derived three-dimensional structure of calbindin D9k that are poorly defined due to inherently high flexibility, from poorly defined regions with average flexibility but a low density of structural constraints.

MeSH Terms (13)

Amino Acid Sequence Calbindins Calcium Glutamine Lysine Magnetic Resonance Spectroscopy Models, Molecular Molecular Sequence Data Protein Conformation S100 Calcium Binding Protein G Serine Software Structure-Activity Relationship

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