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Oxygen-induced retinopathy in the rat. Vitamins C and E as potential therapies.

Penn JS, Thum LA, Naash MI
Invest Ophthalmol Vis Sci. 1992 33 (6): 1836-45

PMID: 1582786

Oxygen-induced retinopathy (OIR) was produced by subjecting newborn albino rats to a 60% oxygen atmosphere for 14 days before they were killed and retinal analysis was done. The extent of OIR was measured by estimating the severity of retinal vasoobliteration in ink-perfused flat-mounted retinas. This was done with the aid of a digitizing camera and an image-analysis system designed to create binary images of the retinal blood vessels. Retinal levels of several antioxidant molecules also were measured. Alpha-tocopherol and ascorbic acid were reduced in oxygen-exposed rats by 34% and 20%, respectively, compared with room air-raised control animals. Retinal glutathione reductase, S-transferase, and peroxidase showed no differences between oxygen-treated and -untreated rats. Attempts to increase the newborn rats' retinal ascorbic acid by administering daily subcutaneous injections (5 g/kg body weight) to the mother rats were unsuccessful. However, the level of retinal alpha-tocopherol of newborn rats could be altered by dietary manipulation of the mothers. The mothers were fed diets containing either 1 g alpha-tocopherol acetate/kg food or none, starting 21-25 days before the birth of their litters and lasting throughout the exposure period. This treatment resulted in three- to fourfold differences in the retinal alpha-tocopherol levels of the pups. The combination of dietary and oxygen treatments also resulted in significant differences in retinal glutathione peroxidase activity, with the vitamin E-deprived, oxygen-exposed group having highest levels. Newborn rats both supplemented with and deprived of alpha-tocopherol had less vasoobliteration than did those nursed by mothers fed rat chow.

MeSH Terms (15)

Animals Animals, Newborn Ascorbic Acid Disease Models, Animal Glutathione Peroxidase Glutathione Reductase Glutathione Transferase Humans Infant, Newborn Oxygen Rats Rats, Inbred Strains Retinal Vessels Retinopathy of Prematurity Vitamin E

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