BACKGROUND - The authors reported their experience with radical cystectomy for transitional cell carcinoma (TCC) of the bladder. They compared pathologic features and survival rates between older and younger patients.
METHODS - The authors retrospectively reviewed the records of 1054 patients who underwent radical cystectomy for bladder TCC between 1971 and 1997. Four age groups were compared: < 60 years old at the time of cystectomy (n = 310), 60-69 years old (n = 381), 70-79 years old (n = 313), and >/= 80 years old (n = 50).
RESULTS - There were no significant differences in pathologic features among the groups regarding frequency of carcinoma in situ, high-grade disease, p53 status, and lymph node positivity. However, in the age groups < 60, 60-69, 70-79, and >/= 80, 45%, 49%, 51%, and 72% of patients, respectively, had extravesical TCC (P=0.004). Significant differences also were seen in the proportion of patients who received adjuvant chemotherapy (26%, 26%, 15%, and 6%, respectively; P < 0.001). The 5-year overall survival rates for patients < 60, 60-69, 70-79, and >/= 80 years old were 72%, 58%, 54%, and 33%, respectively (P < 0.001). The 5-year disease recurrence-free survival rates were 75%, 65%, 68%, and 45%, respectively (P = 0.003). The elderly had a lower probability of receiving adjuvant chemotherapy.
CONCLUSIONS - Elderly patients undergoing cystectomy for TCC had similar pathologic features (except for disease stage) as younger patients. In the current series, elderly patients undergoing cystectomy had a higher pathologic stage and were less likely to receive adjuvant chemotherapy. The elderly had worse disease recurrence-free survival rates. Further work is needed to identify the causes for this and to develop strategies to improve cancer control in elderly patients.
(c) 2004 American Cancer Society