Interaction of a selective serotonin reuptake inhibitor with insulin in the control of hepatic glucose uptake in conscious dogs.

Moore MC, DiCostanzo CA, Dardevet D, Lautz M, Farmer B, Cherrington AD
Am J Physiol Endocrinol Metab. 2005 288 (3): E556-63

PMID: 15522992 · DOI:10.1152/ajpendo.00405.2004

Whether hyperinsulinemia is required for stimulation of net hepatic glucose uptake (NHGU) by a selective serotonin reuptake inhibitor (SSRI) was examined in four groups of conscious 42-h-fasted dogs, using arteriovenous difference and tracer ([3-3H]glucose) techniques. Experiments consisted of equilibration (-120 to -30 min), basal (-30 to 0 min), and experimental periods (Exp; 0-240 min). During Exp, somatostatin, intraportal insulin [at basal (Ins groups) or 4-fold basal rates (INS groups)], basal intraportal glucagon, and peripheral glucose (to double hepatic glucose load) were infused. In the Fluv-Ins (n = 7) and Fluv-INS groups (n = 6), saline was infused intraportally from 0 to 90 min (P1), and fluvoxamine was infused intraportally at 2 microg x kg(-1) x min(-1) from 90 to 240 min (P2). Sal-Ins (n = 9) and Sal-INS (n = 8) received intraportal saline in P1 and P2. NHGU during P2 was 8.4 +/- 1.4 and 6.9 +/- 2.3 micromol x kg(-1) x min(-1) in Sal-Ins and Fluv-Ins, respectively (not significant), and 13.3 +/- 2.2 and 20.9 +/- 3.1 micromol x kg(-1) x min(-1) (P < 0.05) in Sal-INS and Fluv-INS. Unidirectional (tracer-determined) hepatic glucose uptake was twofold greater (P < 0.05) in Fluv-INS than Sal-INS. Net hepatic carbon retention during P2 was significantly greater in Fluv-INS than Sal-INS (18.5 +/- 2.7 vs. 12.2 +/- 1.9 micromol x kg(-1) x min(-1)). Nonhepatic glucose uptake was reduced in Fluv-INS vs. Sal-INS (20.0 +/- 1.3 vs. 38.4 +/- 5.4 micromol x kg(-1) x min(-1), P < 0.05). Intraportal fluvoxamine enhanced NHGU and net hepatic carbon retention in the presence of hyperinsulinemia but not euinsulinemia, suggesting that hepatocyte-targeted SSRIs may reduce postprandial hyperglycemia.

MeSH Terms (23)

Animals Blood Flow Velocity Blood Glucose Carbon Consciousness Dogs Drug Interactions Fatty Acids, Nonesterified Female Fluvoxamine Glucagon Glucose Glycerol Glycogen Infusions, Intravenous Insulin Lactic Acid Liver Liver Circulation Male Serotonin Serotonin Uptake Inhibitors Somatostatin

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