BACKGROUND - Lymphangitic carcinomatosis (LC) secondary to carcinoma of the cervix is rare. The presenting symptoms are misleading and nonspecific, which often leads to delayed diagnosis.
CASE - We present the case of a 24-year-old woman with dyspnea and lower back pain, who was found to have stage IIIb squamous cell carcinoma of the cervix complicated by pulmonary LC.
CONCLUSIONS - Pulmonary LC is a rare but important manifestation of metastatic cervical cancer. Patients present with severe respiratory compromise, which mimics other, more common disease states. Diagnosis can be achieved by transbronchial biopsy. Optimal treatment of the patient with LC is not well defined, but a trial of chemotherapy and/or intravenous steroids may be warranted. Prognosis for this condition is poor.