Minichromosome maintenance proteins are direct targets of the ATM and ATR checkpoint kinases.

Cortez D, Glick G, Elledge SJ
Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A. 2004 101 (27): 10078-83

PMID: 15210935 · PMCID: PMC454167 · DOI:10.1073/pnas.0403410101

The minichromosome maintenance (MCM) 2-7 helicase complex functions to initiate and elongate replication forks. Cell cycle checkpoint signaling pathways regulate DNA replication to maintain genomic stability. We describe four lines of evidence that ATM/ATR-dependent (ataxia-telangiectasia-mutated/ATM- and Rad3-related) checkpoint pathways are directly linked to three members of the MCM complex. First, ATM phosphorylates MCM3 on S535 in response to ionizing radiation. Second, ATR phosphorylates MCM2 on S108 in response to multiple forms of DNA damage and stalling of replication forks. Third, ATR-interacting protein (ATRIP)-ATR interacts with MCM7. Fourth, reducing the amount of MCM7 in cells disrupts checkpoint signaling and causes an intra-S-phase checkpoint defect. Thus, the MCM complex is a platform for multiple DNA damage-dependent regulatory signals that control DNA replication.

MeSH Terms (14)

Ataxia Telangiectasia Mutated Proteins Cell Cycle Proteins Cell Line DNA-Binding Proteins Humans Minichromosome Maintenance Complex Component 2 Minichromosome Maintenance Complex Component 3 Minichromosome Maintenance Complex Component 7 Nuclear Proteins Phosphorylation Protein-Serine-Threonine Kinases S Phase Transcription Factors Tumor Suppressor Proteins

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