Pregnancy impairs the counterregulatory response to insulin-induced hypoglycemia in the dog.

Connolly CC, Aglione LN, Smith MS, Lacy DB, Moore MC
Am J Physiol Endocrinol Metab. 2004 287 (3): E480-8

PMID: 15126242 · DOI:10.1152/ajpendo.00529.2003

The impact of pregnancy on the counterregulatory response to insulin-induced hypoglycemia was examined in six nonpregnant (NP) and six pregnant (P; 3rd trimester) conscious dogs by tracer and arteriovenous difference techniques. After basal sampling, insulin was infused intraportally at 30 pmol.kg(-1).min(-1) for 180 min. Insulin rose from 70 +/- 15 to 1,586 +/- 221 pmol/l and 27 +/- 4 to 1,247 +/- 61 pmol/l in the 3rd h in NP and P, respectively. Arterial glucose fell from 5.9 +/- 0.2 to 2.3 +/- 0.2 mmol/l in P. Glucose was infused in NP to equate the rate of fall of glucose and the steady-state concentrations in the groups (5.9 +/- 0.2 to 2.3 +/- 0.1 mmol/l in NP). Glucagon was 32 +/- 6, 69 +/- 11, and 48 +/- 10 ng/l (basal and 1st and 3rd h) in NP, but the response was attenuated in P (34 +/- 5, 46 +/- 6, 41 +/- 9 ng/l). Cortisol and epinephrine rose similarly in both groups, but norepinephrine rose more in NP (Delta3.01 +/- 0.46 and Delta1.31 +/- 0.13 nmol/l, P < 0.05). Net hepatic glucose output (NHGO; micromol.kg(-1).min(-1)) increased from 10.6 +/- 1.8 to 21.2 +/- 3.3 in NP (3rd h) but did not increase in P (15.1 +/- 1.5 to 15.3 +/- 2.8 micromol.kg(-1).min(-1), P < 0.05 between groups). The glycogenolytic contribution to NHGO in NP increased from 5.8 +/- 0.7 to 10.4 +/- 2.5 micromol.kg(-1).min(-1) by 90 min but steadily declined in P. The increase in glycerol levels and the gluconeogenic contribution to NHGO were 50% less in P than in NP, but ketogenesis did not differ. The glucagon and norepinephrine responses to insulin-induced hypoglycemia are blunted in late pregnancy in the dog, impacting on the magnitude of the metabolic responses to the fall in glucose.

MeSH Terms (20)

Animals Blood Glucose Dogs Fatty Acids, Nonesterified Female Gluconeogenesis Glucose Glycogen Hormones Hypoglycemia Insulin Ketone Bodies Kinetics Liver Circulation Osmolar Concentration Pregnancy Pregnancy, Animal Pregnancy Complications Progesterone Protein Precursors

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