Measurement of human apolipoprotein B-48 and B-100 kinetics in triglyceride-rich lipoproteins using [5,5,5-2H3]leucine.

Lichtenstein AH, Hachey DL, Millar JS, Jenner JL, Booth L, Ordovas J, Schaefer EJ
J Lipid Res. 1992 33 (6): 907-14

PMID: 1512514

A primed-constant infusion of deuterated leucine was used in humans to determine the maximal level of enrichment at plateau of apolipoprotein (apo)B-48 and apoB-100 which are synthesized in the intestine and liver, respectively, and to compare the kinetics of these two proteins under identical conditions. Eight normal subjects (four post-menopausal females and four males) over the age of 40 were studied in the constantly fed state over a 20-h period by providing small hourly feedings of identical composition. [5,5,5-2H3]Leucine (10 mumol/kg body weight followed by 10 mumol/kg body weight per hour) was infused over 15 h intravenously. The enrichment of deuterated leucine in apoB-48 and apoB-100 triglyceride-rich lipoproteins isolated by ultracentrifugation (d less than 1.006 g/ml) was determined during the entire infusion period. The plateau level of enrichment in triglyceride-rich lipoprotein apoB-48 was 3.96 +/- 1.41 tracer/tracee ratio (%) which was 39.7% of the plasma leucine enrichment level. The plateau level of enrichment in triglyceride-rich lipoprotein apoB-100 was 7.23 +/- 1.17 tracer/tracee ratio (%) which was 72.5% of the plasma leucine enrichment level. Mean fractional secretion rates of triglyceride-rich lipoprotein apoB-48 and apoB-100 were 4.39 +/- 2.00 and 5.39 +/- 1.98 pools per day, respectively, with estimated residence times of 5.47 and 4.45 hours, respectively. The data indicate that in the fed state there is about a twofold difference in the plateau enrichment of an intestinally derived protein, as compared to one of hepatic origin, most likely attributable to differences in the enrichment of the intracellular leucine in the two organs.(ABSTRACT TRUNCATED AT 250 WORDS)

MeSH Terms (14)

Aged Apolipoprotein B-48 Apolipoprotein B-100 Apolipoproteins B Cholesterol Female Humans Infusions, Intravenous Leucine Lipoproteins Male Middle Aged Triglycerides Tritium

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