Human T-cell leukemia virus type 1 Tax oncoprotein induces and interacts with a multi-PDZ domain protein, MAGI-3.

Ohashi M, Sakurai M, Higuchi M, Mori N, Fukushi M, Oie M, Coffey RJ, Yoshiura K, Tanaka Y, Uchiyama M, Hatanaka M, Fujii M
Virology. 2004 320 (1): 52-62

PMID: 15003862 · DOI:10.1016/j.virol.2003.11.014

Human T-cell leukemia virus type 1 (HTLV-1) is the causative agent of adult T-cell leukemia (ATL), whereas the closely related virus HTLV-2 has not been associated with such malignant conditions. HTLV-1 Tax1 oncoprotein transforms a rat fibroblast cell line (Rat-1) much more efficiently than does HTLV-2 Tax2. By using a differential display analysis, we isolated MAGI-3 as a Tax1-inducible gene in Rat-1 cells. Reverse transcription-polymerase chain reaction (RT-PCR) analysis confirmed that Tax1 induced MAGI-3 in Rat-1 cells. MAGI-3 has multiple PDZ domains and interacted with Tax1 but not Tax2 in 293T cells. The interaction of Tax1 with MAGI-3 was dependent on a PDZ domain-binding motif, which is missing in Tax2. The interaction of Tax1 with MAGI-3 altered their respective subcellular localization, and moreover, the interaction correlated well with the high transforming activities of Tax1 in Rat-1 cells relative to Tax2. MAGI-3 mRNA and the allied MAGI-1, but not MAGI-2, were expressed in HTLV-1-infected T-cell lines. Our results suggest that the interaction of Tax1 and MAGI-3 alters their respective biological activities, which may play a role in transformation by Tax1 as well as in the pathogenesis of HTLV-1-associated diseases.

MeSH Terms (16)

Amino Acid Motifs Animals Cell Line Cell Line, Tumor Cell Transformation, Viral Gene Expression Gene Products, tax Guanylate Kinases HTLV-I Infections Humans Human T-lymphotropic virus 1 Intracellular Space Nucleoside-Phosphate Kinase Protein Structure, Tertiary Rats RNA, Messenger

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