Relationship between carbamoyl-phosphate synthetase genotype and systemic vascular function.

Summar ML, Gainer JV, Pretorius M, Malave H, Harris S, Hall LD, Weisberg A, Vaughan DE, Christman BW, Brown NJ
Hypertension. 2004 43 (2): 186-91

PMID: 14718356 · DOI:10.1161/01.HYP.0000112424.06921.52

Endothelial cells can convert l-citrulline to l-arginine, the precursor of nitric oxide. The present study tests the hypothesis that a C-to-A nucleotide transversion (T1405N) in the gene-encoding carbamoyl-phosphate synthetase 1, the enzyme catalyzing the rate-limiting step in l-citrulline formation, influences nitric oxide metabolite concentrations or nitric oxide-mediated vasodilation in humans. Bradykinin (100, 200, and 400 ng/min) was infused via brachial artery in 106 (CC:AC:AA=40:54:12) healthy subjects. Sodium nitroprusside (1.6, 3.2, and 6.4 microg/min) was also infused in 87 (CC:AC:AA=31:46:10) subjects. Forearm blood flow was measured by plethysmography and blood samples were collected for tissue-type plasminogen activator antigen, nitric oxide metabolites, and cyclic GMP. There was a significant relationship between carbamoyl-phosphate synthetase 1 genotype and nitric oxide metabolites, such that nitric oxide metabolite concentrations were highest in individuals homozygous for the C allele (mean+/-SD, 14.0+/-8.5 micromol/L), lowest in individuals homozygous for the A allele (9.1+/-3.1 micromol/L), and intermediate (11.8+/-6.6 micromol/L) in heterozygotes (P=0.036). There was a significant effect of carbamoyl-phosphate synthetase 1 genotype on forearm blood flow during bradykinin (P=0.028), such that the vasodilator response was greatest in C allele homozygotes (22.2+/-9.1 mL/min/100 mL at 400 ng/min), least in A allele homozygotes (13.6+/-6.2 mL/min/100 mL), and intermediate (19.4+/-10.7 mL/min/100 mL) in heterozygotes. Similarly, carbamoyl-phosphate synthetase 1 genotype influenced forearm blood flow during nitroprusside (maximal flow 19.2+/-8.3, 18.1+/-8.3, and 11.5+/-4.9 mL/min/100 mL in the CC:AC:AA groups, respectively; P=0.022). In contrast, there was no effect of carbamoyl-phosphate synthetase 1 genotype on the nitric oxide-independent tissue-type plasminogen activator response to bradykinin (P=0.943). These data indicate that a polymorphism in the gene encoding carbamoyl-phosphate synthetase 1 influences nitric oxide production as well as vascular smooth muscle reactivity.

MeSH Terms (18)

Adult Arginine Bradykinin Carbamoyl-Phosphate Synthase (Ammonia) Citrulline Female Forearm Genotype Humans Male Nitric Oxide Nitric Oxide Donors Nitroprusside Polymorphism, Genetic Regional Blood Flow Urea Vasodilation Vasodilator Agents

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