Portal serotonin infusion and glucose disposal in conscious dogs.

Moore MC, Geho WB, Lautz M, Farmer B, Neal DW, Cherrington AD
Diabetes. 2004 53 (1): 14-20

PMID: 14693692 · DOI:10.2337/diabetes.53.1.14

Whether serotonin (5-hydroxytryptamine [5-HT]) enhances net hepatic glucose uptake (NHGU) during glucose infusion was examined in conscious 42-h-fasted dogs, using arteriovenous difference and tracer ([3-(3)H]glucose) techniques. Experiments consisted of equilibration (-120 to -30 min), basal (-30 to 0 min), and experimental (0-390 min) periods. During the experimental period, somatostatin, fourfold basal intraportal insulin, basal intraportal glucagon, and peripheral glucose (to double the hepatic glucose load) were infused. In one group of dogs (SER; n = 8), saline was infused intraportally from 0 to 90 min (P1), and 5-HT was infused intraportally at 10, 20, and 40 microg.kg(-1).min(-1) from 90 to 150 (P2), 150 to 210 (P3), and 210 to 270 (P4) min, respectively. In the other group (SAL; n = 8), saline was infused intraportally from 0 to 270 min. NHGU in SAL was 12.4 +/- 2.3, 14.9 +/- 2.7, 13.4 +/- 2.1, and 15.1 +/- 1.8 micromol.kg(-1).min(-1) in P1 to P4, respectively, whereas NHGU in SER averaged 13.2 +/- 3.0, 16.4 +/- 2.4, 19.0 +/- 2.4 (P < 0.05 vs. SAL), and 22.0 +/- 2.9 micromol.kg(-1).min(-1) (P < 0.05 vs. SAL). Nonhepatic glucose uptake ( micromol.kg(-1).min(-1)) in SAL was 31.7 +/- 4.9, 43.9 +/- 5.1, 55.1 +/- 5.6, and 66.2 +/- 8.6 during P1 to P4, respectively, whereas in SER, the corresponding values were 26.1 +/- 5.7, 31.6 +/- 9.4, 35.1 +/- 7.6 (P < 0.05 vs. SAL), and 34.7 +/- 7.7 (P < 0.05 vs. SAL). Intraportal 5-HT enhances NHGU but blunts nonhepatic glucose uptake, raising the possibility that hepatic-targeted 5-HT or 5-HT receptor agonists might reduce postprandial hyperglycemia.

MeSH Terms (16)

Animals Blood Glucose Catecholamines Dogs Fatty Acids, Nonesterified Female Glucagon Glycerol Hydrocortisone Infusions, Intravenous Kinetics Lactates Male Models, Animal Portal System Serotonin

Connections (2)

This publication is referenced by other Labnodes entities:

Links