Inhibiting tyrosine kinases: successes and limitations.

Arteaga CL
Cancer Biol Ther. 2003 2 (4 Suppl 1): S79-83

PMID: 14508084

Seminal studies with STI-571 and Herceptin in chronic myeloid leukemia, gastrointestinal stromal tumors, and breast cancer have clearly demonstrated that blockade of pathogenic tyrosine kinases can alter the natural history of appropriately selected human tumors. On the other hand, trials with EGF receptor inhibitors in unselected populations have shown anywhere from modest to no clinical activity. I will contrast below aspects in the development of inhibitors of Abl, c-Kit, HER2/neu (erbB2), and EGFR, highlight successes and pitfalls in this field, and propose some approaches for the future development of tyrosine kinase inhibitors in human cancer.

MeSH Terms (15)

Animals Antibodies, Monoclonal Antibodies, Monoclonal, Humanized Antineoplastic Agents Benzamides Breast Neoplasms Clinical Trials as Topic ErbB Receptors Humans Imatinib Mesylate Neoplasms Piperazines Protein-Tyrosine Kinases Pyrimidines Trastuzumab

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