The lipid peroxidation product 4-hydroxynonenal is a potent inducer of the SOS response.

Benamira M, Marnett LJ
Mutat Res. 1992 293 (1): 1-10

PMID: 1383804 · DOI:10.1016/0921-8777(92)90002-k

An important aspect of bacterial mutagenesis by several difunctional carbonyl compounds appears to be the induction of the SOS system. We tested the ability of a series of carbonyl compounds to induce expression of the SOS-regulated umu operon in Salmonella typhimurium TA1535/pSK1002. SOS-inducing potencies varied widely among the carbonyl compounds tested. 4-Hydroxynonenal, a product of lipid peroxidation, was the most potent SOS-inducer, with maximal induction observed at concentrations of 0.1-1 microM. Acrolein, crotonaldehyde and methacrolein induced little increase over background umu expression. Malondialdehyde, another product of lipid peroxidation, was a very weak SOS-inducer with a maximal response induced at a concentration of 28 mM. Substitution at the alpha-position of malondialdehyde, which abolishes frameshift mutagenicity, did not abolish SOS-inducing activity. Substitution of the hydroxyl group of malondialdehyde and alpha-methyl-malondialdehyde by a better leaving group (benzoyloxy) resulted in an approximately 250-fold higher SOS-inducing potency. Comparison of the present results to literature reports on bacterial mutagenicity indicates a poor correlation of the two properties between different classes of difunctional carbonyl compounds and even within the same class of difunctional carbonyl compounds.

MeSH Terms (8)

Acrolein Aldehydes Lipid Peroxidation Malondialdehyde Mutagens Operon Salmonella typhimurium SOS Response, Genetics

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