Distributed control of glucose uptake by working muscles of conscious mice: roles of transport and phosphorylation.

Fueger PT, Bracy DP, Malabanan CM, Pencek RR, Wasserman DH
Am J Physiol Endocrinol Metab. 2004 286 (1): E77-84

PMID: 13129858 · DOI:10.1152/ajpendo.00309.2003

Muscle glucose uptake (MGU) is determined by glucose delivery, transport, and phosphorylation. C57Bl/6J mice overexpressing GLUT4, hexokinase II (HK II), or both were used to determine the barriers to MGU. A carotid artery and jugular vein were catheterized for arterial blood sampling and venous infusions. Experiments were conducted in conscious mice approximately 7 days after surgery. 2-Deoxy-[3H]glucose was administered during rest or treadmill exercise to calculate glucose concentration-dependent (Rg) and -independent (Kg) indexes of MGU. Compared with wild-type controls, GLUT4-overexpressing mice had lowered fasting glycemia (165 +/- 6 vs. 115 +/- 6 mg/dl) and increased Rg by 230 and 166% in the gastrocnemius and superficial vastus lateralis (SVL) muscles under sedentary conditions. GLUT4 overexpression was not able to augment exercise-stimulated Rg or Kg. Whereas HK II overexpression had no effect on fasting glycemia (170 +/- 6 mg/dl) or sedentary Rg, it increased exercise-stimulated Rg by 82, 60, and 169% in soleus, gastrocnemius, and SVL muscles, respectively. Combined GLUT4 and HK II overexpression lowered fasting glycemia (106 +/- 6 mg/dl), increased nonesterified fatty acids, and increased sedentary Rg. Combined GLUT4 and HK II overexpression did not enhance exercise-stimulated Rg compared with HK II-overexpressing mice because of the reduced glucose concentration. GLUT4 combined with HK II overexpression resulted in a marked increase in exercise-stimulated Kg. In conclusion, control of MGU shifts from membrane transport at rest to phosphorylation during exercise. Glucose transport is not normally a significant barrier during exercise. However, when the phosphorylation barrier is lowered by HK II overexpression, glucose transport becomes a key site of control for regulating MGU during exercise.

MeSH Terms (16)

Animals Consciousness Female Glucose Glucose Transporter Type 4 Hexokinase Male Mice Mice, Inbred C57BL Mice, Inbred Strains Mice, Transgenic Monosaccharide Transport Proteins Muscle, Skeletal Muscle Proteins Phosphorylation Physical Conditioning, Animal

Connections (1)

This publication is referenced by other Labnodes entities:

Links