Frataxin deficiency in pancreatic islets causes diabetes due to loss of beta cell mass.

Ristow M, Mulder H, Pomplun D, Schulz TJ, Müller-Schmehl K, Krause A, Fex M, Puccio H, Müller J, Isken F, Spranger J, Müller-Wieland D, Magnuson MA, Möhlig M, Koenig M, Pfeiffer AF
J Clin Invest. 2003 112 (4): 527-34

PMID: 12925693 · PMCID: PMC171391 · DOI:10.1172/JCI18107

Diabetes is caused by an absolute (type 1) or relative (type 2) deficiency of insulin-producing beta cells. We have disrupted expression of the mitochondrial protein frataxin selectively in pancreatic beta cells. Mice were born healthy but subsequently developed impaired glucose tolerance progressing to overt diabetes mellitus. These observations were explained by impairment of insulin secretion due to a loss of beta cell mass in knockout animals. This phenotype was preceded by elevated levels of reactive oxygen species in knockout islets, an increased frequency of apoptosis, and a decreased number of proliferating beta cells. Hence, disruption of the frataxin gene in pancreatic beta cells causes diabetes following cellular growth arrest and apoptosis, paralleled by an increase in reactive oxygen species in islets. These observations might provide insight into the deterioration of beta cell function observed in different subtypes of diabetes in humans.

MeSH Terms (21)

Alleles Animals Apoptosis Cell Division Diabetes Mellitus DNA, Complementary Exons Genotype Glucose Tolerance Test Insulin Insulin Secretion Iron-Binding Proteins Islets of Langerhans Magnetics Mice Mice, Inbred C57BL Mice, Knockout Microscopy, Fluorescence Reactive Oxygen Species Time Factors Tissue Distribution

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