Independent and coordinated functions of replication protein A tandem high affinity single-stranded DNA binding domains.

Arunkumar AI, Stauffer ME, Bochkareva E, Bochkarev A, Chazin WJ
J Biol Chem. 2003 278 (42): 41077-82

PMID: 12881520 · DOI:10.1074/jbc.M305871200

The initial high affinity binding of single-stranded DNA (ssDNA) by replication protein A (RPA) is involved in the tandem domains in the central region of the RPA70 subunit (RPA70AB). However, it was not clear whether the two domains, RPA70A and RPA70B, bind DNA simultaneously or sequentially. Here, using primarily heteronuclear NMR complemented by fluorescence spectroscopy, we have analyzed the binding characteristics of the individual RPA70A and RPA70B domains and compared them with the intact RPA70AB. NMR chemical shift comparisons confirmed that RPA70A and RPA70B tumble independently in solution in the absence of ssDNA. NMR chemical shift perturbations showed that all ssDNA oligomers bind to the same sites as observed in the x-ray crystal structure of RPA70AB complexed to d(C)8. Titrations using a variety of 5'-mer ssDNA oligomers showed that RPA70A has a 5-10-fold higher affinity for ssDNA than RPA70B. Detailed analysis of ssDNA binding to RPA70A revealed that all DNA sequences interact in a similar mode. Fluorescence binding measurements with a variety of 8-10'-mer DNA sequences showed that RPA70AB interacts with DNA with approximately 100-fold higher affinity than the isolated domains. Calculation of the theoretical "linkage effect" from the structure of RPA70AB suggests that the high overall affinity for ssDNA is a byproduct of the covalent attachment of the two domains via a short flexible tether, which increases the effective local concentration. Taken together, our data are consistent with a sequential model of DNA binding by RPA according to which RPA70A binds the majority of DNA first and subsequent loading of RPA70B domain is facilitated by the linkage effect.

MeSH Terms (13)

Chromatography, High Pressure Liquid Crystallography, X-Ray DNA DNA, Single-Stranded DNA-Binding Proteins Escherichia coli Kinetics Magnetic Resonance Spectroscopy Protein Binding Protein Structure, Tertiary Recombinant Proteins Replication Protein A Spectrometry, Fluorescence

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