The CRES gene: a unique testis-regulated gene related to the cystatin family is highly restricted in its expression to the proximal region of the mouse epididymis.

Cornwall GA, Orgebin-Crist MC, Hann SR
Mol Endocrinol. 1992 6 (10): 1653-64

PMID: 1280328 · DOI:10.1210/mend.6.10.1280328

As a result of examining regional-specific gene expression in the mouse epididymis, a novel cystatin-related epididymal specific (CRES) gene was identified. Substantial homology between the CRES gene and members of the cystatin family of cysteine proteinase inhibitors was observed at the amino acid level. This homology included the presence of four highly conserved cysteine residues in exact alignment with the cystatins as well as other regions of sequence characteristic of the cystatins. However, unlike the cystatins, the CRES gene does not contain specific highly conserved sequence motifs thought to be necessary for cysteine proteinase inhibitory activity. Also, in contrast to the ubiquitous expression of the cystatin C gene, Northern blot analysis and in situ hybridization demonstrated that the CRES gene is very restricted in its expression. The 0.75-kilobase CRES transcript is dramatically restricted to the very proximal caput region of the epididymis with 15- to 20-fold less expression in the testis and no expression detected in any of the other 24 tissues examined. In addition, the CRES transcript disappears 2-3 weeks after castration, suggesting a dependence on androgens. However, its expression remained undetectable even after the administration of testosterone or dihydrotestosterone. Unilateral castration also resulted in the disappearance of the CRES mRNA from the castrate epididymis, but not from the intact epididymis, suggesting that testicular factors or hormones other than androgens may be involved in the regulation of CRES gene expression. Therefore, the unique sequence of the CRES gene as well as its highly restricted expression and unusual regulation by the testis suggests that it has a very specialized role in the epididymis.

MeSH Terms (20)

Amino Acid Sequence Animals Base Sequence Blotting, Northern Blotting, Southern Cystatins DNA Epididymis Female Gene Expression Gene Expression Regulation Humans In Situ Hybridization Male Mice Mice, Inbred C57BL Molecular Sequence Data RNA RNA, Antisense Sequence Homology, Amino Acid

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