Left ventricular hypertrophy and endothelial dysfunction in chronic hemodialysis patients.

Yildiz A, Oflaz H, Pusuroglu H, Mercanoglu F, Genchallac H, Akkaya V, Ikizler TA, Sever MS
Am J Kidney Dis. 2003 41 (3): 616-23

PMID: 12612985 · DOI:10.1053/ajkd.2003.50123

BACKGROUND - Endothelial dysfunction (ED), which is a risk factor for atherosclerosis, has been reported recently in chronic hemodialysis (CHD) patients. In this study, we aim to investigate the association of ED and presence of left ventricular hypertrophy (LVH) in CHD patients.

METHODS - One hundred four CHD patients (47 men, 57 women; mean age, 45 +/- 12 years) and 49 age- and sex-matched controls were included. Mean time on dialysis therapy was 62 months. Echocardiographic examination and flow-mediated endothelium-dependent (EDD) and endothelium-independent dilatation (EID) of the brachial artery, measured by high-resolution ultrasonography, a noninvasive method for assessing endothelial function, were performed on a nondialysis day.

RESULTS - LVH was detected in 72 CHD patients (69%). Patients with LVH had a lower EDD (9.3% +/- 6.1% versus 12.1% +/- 8.3%; P = 0.06), but the difference was not significant. Mean EID was significantly lower in CHD patients with LVH (13.6% +/- 7.6% versus 18.6% +/- 9.8%; P = 0.008). Left ventricular mass index (LVMI) correlated with both EDD (r = -0.22; P = 0.03) and EID (r = -0.32; P = 0.002). Patients with LVH had a greater rate of hypertension (35 of 72 versus 7 of 32 patients; P = 0.02) and lower hemoglobin levels (11.0 +/- 1.8 versus 11.8 +/- 1.6 g/dL [110 +/- 18 versus 118 +/- 16 g/L]; P = 0.05). CHD patients had a lower EDD (10.2% +/- 6.9% versus 20.9% +/- 7.6%; P < 0.001) and EID (15.0% +/- 8.5% versus 27.8% +/- 8.5%; P < 0.001) compared with controls. In linear regression analysis for predicting LVMI, presence of hypertension, hemoglobin level, and EID, but not EDD, were found to be independent variables.

CONCLUSION - EID, which may reflect decreased elasticity of arteries, contributes to the development of LVH in CHD patients, in addition to hypertension and anemia.

MeSH Terms (17)

Adolescent Adult Aged Brachial Artery Case-Control Studies Cross-Sectional Studies Echocardiography Endothelium, Vascular Female Humans Hypertrophy, Left Ventricular Kidney Failure, Chronic Male Middle Aged Regional Blood Flow Renal Dialysis Vasodilation

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