Ligament injuries result in significant disability in over 100,000 patients each year. Despite current methods of treatment, 13% of patients with medial collateral ligament (MCL) injury develop early signs of arthritis, suggesting an incomplete return of knee stability. The principal hypothesis of this work was that the addition of TGF-beta 2 to the healing MCL would accelerate the development of scar strength and stiffness. Forty-four rabbits were divided evenly into four groups, with each group receiving either 0.1, 1 or 5 microg of TGF-beta 2 and the fourth group receiving 1 microg TGF-beta 2 and 1 microg of PDGF. Each rabbit underwent bilateral transection of the MCL, with one side having treatment with one of four doses of growth factor and the other side left untreated. All animals were sacrificed at 6 weeks and the structural properties of maximum load at failure, stiffness, and energy absorbed at failure measured. All treatment groups demonstrated an increase in scar mass, but no group had a significant increase in scar load at failure at 6 weeks. The addition of 0.1 microg TGF-beta 2 led to a significant increase in scar stiffness. The addition of PDGF had no significant effect on any of the parameters studied. This study suggests the mechanical stiffness, but not the load at failure, of ligament scar can be significantly altered by the administration of TGF-beta 2.