Induction of p53-regulated genes and tumor regression in lung cancer patients after intratumoral delivery of adenoviral p53 (INGN 201) and radiation therapy.

Swisher SG, Roth JA, Komaki R, Gu J, Lee JJ, Hicks M, Ro JY, Hong WK, Merritt JA, Ahrar K, Atkinson NE, Correa AM, Dolormente M, Dreiling L, El-Naggar AK, Fossella F, Francisco R, Glisson B, Grammer S, Herbst R, Huaringa A, Kemp B, Khuri FR, Kurie JM, Liao Z, McDonnell TJ, Morice R, Morello F, Munden R, Papadimitrakopoulou V, Pisters KM, Putnam JB, Sarabia AJ, Shelton T, Stevens C, Shin DM, Smythe WR, Vaporciyan AA, Walsh GL, Yin M
Clin Cancer Res. 2003 9 (1): 93-101

PMID: 12538456

PURPOSE - We designed a prospective single arm Phase II study to evaluate the feasibility and mechanisms of apoptosis induction after Ad-p53 (INGN 201) gene transfer and radiation therapy in patients with non-small cell lung cancer.

EXPERIMENTAL DESIGN - Nineteen patients with nonmetastatic non-small cell lung cancer who were not eligible for chemoradiation or surgery were treated as outpatients with radiation therapy to 60 Gy over 6 weeks in conjunction with three intratumoral injections of Ad-p53 (INGN 201) on days 1, 18, and 32.

RESULTS - Seventeen of 19 patients completed all planned radiation and Ad-p53 (INGN 201) gene therapy as outpatients. The most common adverse events were grade 1 or 2 fevers (79%) and chills (53%). Three months after completion of therapy, pathologic biopsies of the primary tumor revealed no viable tumor (12 of 19 patients, 63%), viable tumor (3 of 19 patients, 16%), and not assessed (4 of 19 patients, 21%). Computed tomography and bronchoscopic findings at the primary injected tumor revealed complete response (1 of 19 patients, 5%), partial response (11 of 19 patients, 58%), stable disease (3 of 19 patients, 16%), progressive disease (2 of 19 patients, 11%), and not evaluable (2 of 19 patients, 11%). Quantitative reverse transcription-PCR analysis of the four p53 related genes [p21 (CDKN1A), FAS, BAK, and MDM2] revealed that Bak expression was increased significantly 24 h after Ad-p53 (INGN 201) injection and levels of CDKN1A and MDM2 expression were increased over the course of treatment.

CONCLUSIONS - Intratumoral injection of Ad-p53 (INGN 201) in combination with radiation therapy is well tolerated and demonstrates evidence of tumor regression at the primary injected tumor. Serial biopsies of the tumor suggest that BAK gene expression is most closely related to Ad-p53 (INGN 201) gene transfer.

MeSH Terms (20)

Adenoviridae Aged Aged, 80 and over Apoptosis Carcinoma, Non-Small-Cell Lung Combined Modality Therapy Female Genes, p53 Genetic Therapy Genetic Vectors Gene Transfer Techniques Humans Lung Neoplasms Male Middle Aged Radiotherapy Reverse Transcriptase Polymerase Chain Reaction RNA, Messenger Time Factors Tumor Suppressor Protein p53

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