Mapping genes influencing type 2 diabetes risk and BMI in Japanese subjects.

Iwasaki N, Cox NJ, Wang YQ, Schwarz PE, Bell GI, Honda M, Imura M, Ogata M, Saito M, Kamatani N, Iwamoto Y
Diabetes. 2003 52 (1): 209-13

PMID: 12502515 · DOI:10.2337/diabetes.52.1.209

We have carried out an autosomal genome scan for genes contributing to the development of type 2 diabetes and affecting BMI in the Japanese population (164 families, 256 affected sib-pairs). We found 12 regions that showed nominally significant multipoint evidence of linkage with type 2 diabetes (i.e. logarithm of odds [LOD] score >0.59, P < 0.05): chromosome 1 29.9 cM; chromosome 2 169.6 and 236.8 cM; chromosome 4 104.9 cM; chromosome 5 114.8 cM; chromosome 6 42.3 cM; chromosome 8 15.3 and 93.3 cM; chromosome 9 140.0 cM; chromosome 11 131.6 cM; chromosome 17 36.1 cM; and chromosome 21 48.0 cM. Twelve regions showed nominal multipoint evidence for linkage with log-transformed BMI (lnBMI): chromosome 2 167.9 and 210.5 cM; chromosome 3 185.7 cM; chromosome 4 118.9 and 145.6 cM; chromosome 5 131.9 cM; chromosome 7 7.4 cM; chromosome 10 70.0 cM; chromosome 15 12.8 cM; chromosome 16 30.0 cM; and chromosome 17 47.8 and 100.2 cM. Although none of the regions achieved genome-wide levels of significance, simulation studies showed that we observed more linkage signals than expected if there were no loci contributing to type 2 diabetes or BMI. Eight of the regions showing nominal evidence for linkage with type 2 diabetes have been reported in other genome scans, and seven of the regions showing linkage with lnBMI have shown linkage with BMI and BMI-related traits in other studies. Thus, our results may replicate findings in other studies. They may also indicate new regions of the genome that are involved in the regulation of blood glucose levels or body weight.

MeSH Terms (8)

Asian Continental Ancestry Group Body Mass Index Chromosome Mapping Diabetes Mellitus, Type 2 Genetic Linkage Genetic Predisposition to Disease Humans Japan

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