Variants within the calpain-10 gene on chromosome 2q37 (NIDDM1) and relationships to type 2 diabetes, insulin resistance, and impaired acute insulin secretion among Scandinavian Caucasians.

Rasmussen SK, Urhammer SA, Berglund L, Jensen JN, Hansen L, Echwald SM, Borch-Johnsen K, Horikawa Y, Mashima H, Lithell H, Cox NJ, Hansen T, Bell GI, Pedersen O
Diabetes. 2002 51 (12): 3561-7

PMID: 12453914 · DOI:10.2337/diabetes.51.12.3561

Variations in the calpain-10 gene (CAPN10) have been identified among Mexican-Americans, and an at-risk haplotype combination (112/121) defined by three polymorphisms, UCSNP-43, -19, and -63, confers increased risk of type 2 diabetes. Here we examine the three polymorphisms in 1,594 Scandinavian subjects, including 409 type 2 diabetic patients, 200 glucose-tolerant control subjects, 322 young healthy subjects, 206 glucose-tolerant offspring of diabetic patients, and 457 glucose-tolerant 70-year-old men. The frequency of the 112/121 combination was not significantly different in 409 type 2 diabetic subjects compared with 200 glucose-tolerant control subjects (0.06 vs. 0.05; odds ratio 1.32 [95% CI 0.58-3.30]). In glucose-tolerant subjects, neither the single-nucleotide polymorphisms individually nor the 112/121 combination were associated with alterations in plasma glucose, serum insulin, or serum C-peptide levels at fasting or during an oral glucose tolerance test, estimates of insulin sensitivity, or glucose-induced insulin secretion. In conclusion, the frequency of the 112/121 at-risk haplotype of CAPN10 is low among Scandinavians and we were unable to demonstrate significant associations between the CAPN10 variants and type 2 diabetes, insulin resistance, or impaired insulin secretion.

MeSH Terms (23)

Adult Aged Aged, 80 and over Calpain Chromosomes, Human, Pair 2 Cohort Studies Control Groups Diabetes Mellitus, Type 2 European Continental Ancestry Group Female Genetic Predisposition to Disease Genetic Variation Glucose Haplotypes Humans Insulin Insulin Resistance Insulin Secretion Male Middle Aged Phenotype Polymorphism, Genetic Scandinavian and Nordic Countries

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