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Allene oxide synthases and allene oxides.

Tijet N, Brash AR
Prostaglandins Other Lipid Mediat. 2002 68-69: 423-31

PMID: 12432934 · DOI:10.1016/s0090-6980(02)00046-1

Allene oxides are unstable epoxides formed by the enzymatic dehydration of the lipoxygenase products of polyunsaturated fatty acids. The allene oxide synthases are of two structurally-unrelated types. In plants, a subfamily of cytochromes P450, designated as CYP74A, use the hydroperoxides of linoleic and linolenic acids as substrate. Both the 9- and 13-hydroperoxides may be converted to allene oxides and subsequently give rise to plant signaling molecules. In corals, a catalase-related hemoprotein functions as the allene oxide synthase. These marine invertebrates, as well as starfish, form allene oxides from the 8R-hydroperoxide of arachidonic acid. The coral allene oxide synthase from Plexaura homomalla occurs as the N-terminal domain of a natural fusion protein with the 8R-lipoxygenase that forms its substrate. This enzyme may be involved in biosynthesis of the cyclopentenone eicosanoids such as the clavulones.

MeSH Terms (11)

Alkadienes Amino Acid Sequence Animals Anthozoa Arachidonic Acid Humans Intramolecular Oxidoreductases Molecular Sequence Data Plant Proteins Sequence Alignment Signal Transduction

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