Membrane glycoprotein differences between normal lactating mammary tissue and the R3230 AC mammary tumor.

Shin BC, Ebner KE, Hudson BG, Carraway KL
Cancer Res. 1975 35 (5): 1135-40

PMID: 123479

Membrane glycoproteins have been studied in the normal lactating mammary gland and R3230 AC mammary tumor of the rat. Plasma membrane-enriched fractions were obtained from these tissues by discontinuous sucrose gradient centrifugation of a microsomal preparation from the tissue homogenates. The lightest membrane fractions (F-1 and F-2) have the greatest enrichment of plasma membrane markers, with a 14- to 20-fold purification of 5'-nucleotidase and Na+-K+ -adenosine triphosphatase over the homogenate values in both tumor and normal tissues for F-1. Electron microscopy shows smooth membrane vesicles for these fractions. Polypeptide analysis by acrylamide gel electrophoresis shows essentially the same patterns for F-1 and F-2 and only relatively minor differences between membrane components of tumor and normal tissues. Glycoprotein analysis of the polyacrylamide gels by periodate-Schiff staining indicates more dramatic differences. Membrane Fraction F-1 from normal tissue contains two major glycoproteins, GP-II and GP-III, while Fractions F-2 and F-3 contain an additional glycoprotein, GP-I, with a higher apparent molecular weight. In the tumor, the component corresponding to GP-III is decreased or absent and a new component GP-IV is seen at a lower apparent molecular weight.

MeSH Terms (14)

Adenosine Triphosphatases Animals Cell Fractionation Cell Membrane Electrophoresis, Polyacrylamide Gel Female Glycoproteins Lactation Mammary Glands, Animal Mammary Neoplasms, Experimental Neoplasm Transplantation Nucleotidases Pregnancy Rats

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