Cyclooxygenase-2 expression in cultured cortical thick ascending limb of Henle increases in response to decreased extracellular ionic content by both transcriptional and post-transcriptional mechanisms. Role of p38-mediated pathways.

Cheng HF, Harris RC
J Biol Chem. 2002 277 (47): 45638-43

PMID: 12237297 · DOI:10.1074/jbc.M206040200

We showed previously that decreased extracellular salt or chloride up-regulates the cortical thick ascending limb of Henle (cTALH) COX-2 expression via a p38-dependent pathway. The present studies determined that low salt medium increased COX-2 mRNA expression 3.9-fold control by 6 h in cultured cTALH, which was blocked by actinomycin D pretreatment, suggesting transcriptional regulation. Luciferase activity (normalized to beta-galactosidase activity) of the full-length (-3400) COX-2 promoter in cTALH increased from 1.8 +/- 0.3 in control media to 5.8 +/- 0.7 in low salt (n = 9; p < 0.01). Low chloride medium had similar effects as low salt has on COX-2 promoter activity. Deletion constructs -815, -512, and -410 were similarly stimulated, but -385 could not be stimulated significantly by low salt (1.8 +/- 0.3 versus 2.4 +/- 0.5, n = 10). This suggested involvement of an NF-kappaB cis-element located in this region, which was confirmed by utilizing a construct with a point mutation of this NF-kappaB-binding site that was not stimulated by low salt medium. Co-incubation of the specific p38 inhibitor, SB203580 or PD169316, inhibited a low salt-induced increase in luciferase activity of the intact COX-2 promoter (5.8 +/- 0.7 versus 1.1 +/- 0.2, n = 8 and 1.4 +/- 0.4, n = 4 respectively, p < 0.01). Mobility shift assays indicated that the low salt medium stimulated NF-kappaB binding activity, and this stimulation was inhibited by p38 inhibitors. To test whether p38 also increased COX-2 expression by increasing mRNA stability, cTALH were incubated in low salt for 2 h, and actinomycin was then added with or without SB203580. p38 inhibition led to a decreased half-life of COX-2 mRNA (from 68 to 18 min, n = 4-7, p < 0.05). Therefore, these studies indicate that p38 stimulates COX-2 expression in cTALH and macula densa by transcriptional regulation predominantly via a NF-kappaB-dependent pathway and by post-transcriptional increases in mRNA stability.

MeSH Terms (25)

Animals Binding Sites Cells, Cultured Cyclooxygenase 2 Dactinomycin Enzyme Inhibitors Genes, Reporter Humans I-kappa B Kinase Isoenzymes Loop of Henle Membrane Proteins Mice Mitogen-Activated Protein Kinases Mutation NF-kappa B Nucleic Acid Synthesis Inhibitors p38 Mitogen-Activated Protein Kinases Promoter Regions, Genetic Prostaglandin-Endoperoxide Synthases Protein-Serine-Threonine Kinases Rabbits RNA Stability Sodium Chloride Transcription, Genetic

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