Excitatory glutamatergic inputs to the subthalamic nucleus (STN), and subthalamic afferents to the substantia nigra pars reticulata (SNr) are believed to play a key role in the pathophysiology of Parkinson's disease (PD). Previously, we have shown that activation of the group I mGlus in the STN and SNr induces a direct depolarization of the neurons in these nuclei. Surprisingly, although both group I mGlus were present in the STN and SNr, mGlu5 alone mediated the DHPG-induced depolarization of the STN, and mGlu1 alone mediated the DHPG-induced depolarization of the SNr. We now report that both mGlu1 and mGlu5 are coexpressed in the same cells in both of these brain regions, and that both receptors play a role in mediating the DHPG-induced increase in intracellular calcium. Furthermore, we demonstrate that the induction of an acute PD-like state using a 16 h haloperidol treatment produces an alteration in the coupling of the group I receptors, such that post-haloperidol, DHPG-induced depolarizations are mediated by both mGlu1 and mGlu5 in the STN and SNr. Therefore, the pharmacology of the group I mGlu-mediated depolarization depends on the state of the system, and alterations in receptor coupling may be evident in pathological states such as PD.