Ethnicity affects vasodilation, but not endothelial tissue plasminogen activator release, in response to bradykinin.

Rosenbaum DA, Pretorius M, Gainer JV, Byrne D, Murphey LJ, Painter CA, Vaughan DE, Brown NJ
Arterioscler Thromb Vasc Biol. 2002 22 (6): 1023-8

PMID: 12067915 · DOI:10.1161/01.atv.0000017704.45007.1d

Previous studies indicate that the vasodilator response to bradykinin (BK) and other endothelium-dependent and -independent agonists is decreased in black Americans compared with white Americans. The purpose of the present study was to determine the effect of ethnicity on fibrinolytic function in humans. Graded doses of BK (100, 200, and 400 ng/min), acetylcholine (15, 30, and 60 microg/min; N=20), or methacholine (3.2, 6.4, 12.8 microg/min; N=20), and sodium nitroprusside (0.8, 1.6, and 3.2 microg/min) were infused via brachial artery in 19 white and 21 black age-matched normotensive subjects. Forearm blood flow (FBF) was measured by plethysmography, and venous and arterial samples were collected for tissue plasminogen activator (tPA) antigen. Compared with whites (increase in FBF from 3.7+/-0.5 to 23.9+/-2.5 mL x min(-1) x 100 mL(-1)), blacks (increase in FBF from 2.8+/-0.3 to 15.2+/-1.9 mL x 100 mL(-1) x min(-1)) exhibited a blunted FBF response to BK (P=0.035). Responses to sodium nitroprusside and methacholine or acetylcholine were similarly decreased. In contrast, there was no effect of ethnicity on net tPA antigen release in response to BK (increase from -0.2+/-0.4 to 67.3+/-15.2 ng x min(-1) x 100 mL(-1) in blacks; from 0.04+/-0.9 to 65.9+/-13.6 ng x min(-1) x 100 mL(-1) in whites). Thus, ethnicity significantly influenced the relationship between the flow and tPA release responses to BK (P=0.037). These data suggest that the BK-dependent alterations in vascular fibrinolytic function are preserved in black Americans compared with white Americans.

MeSH Terms (13)

Adult African Continental Ancestry Group Analysis of Variance Bradykinin Endothelium, Vascular European Continental Ancestry Group Female Fibrinolysin Humans Male Tissue Plasminogen Activator United States Vasodilation

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