The TGF-beta superfamily consists of an array of ligands including BMP, TGF-beta, activin, and nodal subfamilies. The extensive range of biological effects elicited by TGF-beta family signaling is due in part to the large numbers and promiscuity of types I and II TGF-beta family member receptors. Alk8 is a novel type I TGF-beta family member receptor first identified in zebrafish [Dev. Dyn. 211 (4) (1998) 352], which participates in BMP signaling pathways [Development 128 (6) (2001) 849; Development 128 (6) (2001) 859; Mech. Dev. 100 (2) (2001) 275; J. Dent. Res. 80 (11) (2001) 1968]. Here we report that Alk8 also forms active signaling complexes with TGF-beta in the presence of TGF-betaRII. These results expand the signaling repertoire of zAlk8 by demonstrating an ability to participate in two distinct TGF-beta subfamily signaling pathways.