Predictors of influenza virus vaccination status in hospitalized children.

Poehling KA, Speroff T, Dittus RS, Griffin MR, Hickson GB, Edwards KM
Pediatrics. 2001 108 (6): E99

PMID: 11731626 · DOI:10.1542/peds.108.6.e99

OBJECTIVE - To determine predictors of influenza virus vaccination status in children who are hospitalized during the influenza season.

METHODS - A cross-sectional study was conducted among children who were hospitalized with fever between 6 months and 3 years of age or with respiratory symptoms between 6 months and 18 years of age. The 1999 to 2000 influenza vaccination status of hospitalized children and potential factors that influence decisions to vaccinate were obtained from a questionnaire administered to parents/guardians.

RESULTS - Influenza vaccination rates for hospitalized children with and without high-risk medical conditions were 31% and 14%, respectively. For both groups of children, the vaccination status was strongly influenced by recommendations from physicians. More than 70% of children were vaccinated if a physician had recommended the influenza vaccine, whereas only 3% were vaccinated if a physician had not. Lack of awareness that children can receive the influenza vaccine was a commonly cited reason for nonvaccination.

CONCLUSIONS - A minority of hospitalized children with high-risk conditions had received the influenza vaccine. However, parents' recalling that a clinician had recommended the vaccine had a positive impact on the vaccination status of children.

MeSH Terms (17)

Adolescent Child Child, Preschool Communication Barriers Cross-Sectional Studies Health Knowledge, Attitudes, Practice Health Status Hospitalization Humans Infant Influenza, Human Influenza Vaccines Patient Education as Topic Practice Patterns, Physicians' Risk Factors United States Vaccination

Connections (1)

This publication is referenced by other Labnodes entities: