Flexibility of the cytoplasmic domain of the anion exchange protein, band 3, in human erythrocytes.

Blackman SM, Hustedt EJ, Cobb CE, Beth AH
Biophys J. 2001 81 (6): 3363-76

PMID: 11720999 · PMCID: PMC1301793 · DOI:10.1016/S0006-3495(01)75969-3

The rotational flexibility of the cytoplasmic domain of band 3, in the region that is proximal to the inner membrane surface, has been investigated using a combination of time-resolved optical anisotropy (TOA) and saturation-transfer electron paramagnetic resonance (ST-EPR) spectroscopies. TOA studies of rotational diffusion of the transmembrane domain of band 3 show a dramatic decrease in residual anisotropy following cleavage of the link with the cytoplasmic domain by trypsin (E. A. Nigg and R. J. Cherry, 1980, Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. U.S.A. 77:4702-4706). This result is compatible with two independent hypotheses: 1) trypsin cleavage leads to dissociation of large clusters of band 3 that are immobile on the millisecond time scale, or 2) trypsin cleavage leads to release of a constraint to uniaxial rotational diffusion of the transmembrane domain. ST-EPR studies at X- and Q-band microwave frequencies detect rotational diffusion of the transmembrane domain of band 3 about the membrane normal axis of reasonably large amplitude that does not change upon cleavage with trypsin. These ST-EPR results are not consistent with dissociation of clusters of band 3 as a result of cleavage with trypsin. Global analyses of the ST-EPR data using a newly developed algorithm indicate that any constraint to rotational diffusion of the transmembrane domain of band 3 via interactions of the cytoplasmic domain with the membrane skeleton must be sufficiently weak to allow rotational excursions in excess of 32 degrees full-width for a square-well potential. In support of this result, analyses of the TOA data in terms of restricted amplitude uniaxial rotational diffusion models suggest that the membrane-spanning domain of that population of band 3 that is linked to the membrane skeleton is constrained to diffuse in a square-well of approximately 73 degrees full-width. This degree of flexibility may be necessary for providing the unique mechanical properties of the erythrocyte membrane.

MeSH Terms (11)

Anion Exchange Protein 1, Erythrocyte Anisotropy Cell Membrane Cytoplasm Erythrocytes Humans Models, Chemical Protein Structure, Tertiary Surface Plasmon Resonance Time Factors Trypsin

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