Age and cytogenetics as predictors of event free survival in patients with acute non-lymphocytic leukemia receiving high dose cytosine arabinoside and daunorubicin as consolidation chemotherapy.

Stein RS, Wolff SN, Greer JP, Flexner JM, Goodman S, Jagasia M, Brandt SJ, Morgan DS, Arrowsmith E, McCurley TL
Leuk Lymphoma. 2001 42 (5): 913-22

PMID: 11697646 · DOI:10.3109/10428190109097710

Between 1991 and 1999, 67 patients with acute non-lymphocytic leukemia (ANLL) in complete remission received high dose cytarabine (HiDAC) 3 gm/m2 q12h x 12 doses followed by daunorubicin 45 mg/m2/day x 3 days as consolidation therapy. Five year actuarial event free survival (EFS) was 34% +/- 6%. Age was significantly associated with EFS. EFS was 60% +/- 15% in patients age 20 to 29, 48% +/- 16% in patients age 30 to 39, 23% +/- 10% in patients age 40 to 49, 31% +/- 11% in patients age 50 to 59, and 0% in patients age > or = 60. Contrary to other reports which have used different HiDAC regimens, we found no relationship between cytogenetics and EFS. Cytogenetics were defined as favorable risk: t(8;21), inv (16), and del (16); neutral risk: normal or t(15;17); and unfavorable risk: any abnormality not included in favorable risk or neutral risk. EFS was 29% +/- 17% in patients with favorable cytogenetics, 37% +/- 14% in patients with neutral cytogenetics, and 31% +/- 12% in patients with unfavorable cytogenetics. These differences were not statistically significant. Because of the successful use of allogeneic transplantation at relapse in patients with matched related donors, five year actuarial survival (S) in this series was 40% +/- 6%. Five year actuarial survival was 57% +/- 9% for patients age < or = 44 and 25% +/- 8% for patients age > or = 45. This difference is statistically significant, p < .025. Clinicians should be cautious about making clinical decisions regarding consolidation therapy of ANLL on the basis of the presence or absence of cytogenetic abnormalities as the importance of cytogenetics may depend on the specific therapy which is employed.

MeSH Terms (16)

Actuarial Analysis Adult Age Factors Antineoplastic Combined Chemotherapy Protocols Cytarabine Cytogenetic Analysis Daunorubicin Disease-Free Survival Female Humans Leukemia, Myeloid, Acute Male Middle Aged Prognosis Retrospective Studies Risk Factors

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