Class A scavenger receptors, macrophages, and atherosclerosis.

Linton MF, Fazio S
Curr Opin Lipidol. 2001 12 (5): 489-95

PMID: 11561167

The scope of this review is to discuss the new advances in our understanding of the role of scavenger receptor class A in the initiation and modulation of the atherosclerotic process. Through the approaches of gene manipulation in the mouse model, a substantial body of literature has accumulated that depicts scavenger receptor class A as a central player in atherogenesis. In studies of scavenger receptor class A overexpression in macrophages through bone marrow transplantation using transgenic donor material, recipient mice with hyperlipidemia caused either by apolipoprotein E or LDL receptor deficiency did not show convincing changes in the degree of atherosclerosis development compared with controls. Conversely, the deletion of the scavenger receptor class A gene in the mouse has shown, in a consistent and significant fashion, that this receptor serves a pro-atherogenic function under hyperlipidemic conditions, as both apolipoprotein E and LDL receptor-deficient mice had reduced atherosclerosis in the absence of scavenger receptor class A. In addition, we have recently shown that C57BL/6 mice are protected from diet-induced atherosclerosis when they lack scavenger receptor class A, and that the macrophage is the cell type responsible for the effect of scavenger receptor class A deficiency in reducing lesion formation in C57BL/6 and LDL receptor null mice. Together, these results demonstrate that macrophage scavenger receptor class A contributes significantly to atherosclerotic lesion formation, and suggest that the uptake of oxidized or modified lipoproteins by vessel wall macrophages is a central process in atherogenesis.

MeSH Terms (15)

Animals Arteriosclerosis CD36 Antigens Disease Models, Animal Foam Cells Gene Deletion Humans Hyperlipidemias Macrophages Mice Mice, Inbred C57BL Receptors, Immunologic Receptors, LDL Receptors, Scavenger Scavenger Receptors, Class A

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