Effects of the imidazoline compound RX871024 on cytosolic free Ca(2+) concentration ([Ca(2+)]i) and insulin secretion in pancreatic beta-cells from SUR1 deficient mice have been studied. In beta-cells from wild-type mice RX871024 increased [Ca(2+)]i by blocking ATP-dependent K(+)-current (K(ATP)) and inducing membrane depolarization. In beta-cells lacking a component of the K(ATP)-channel, SUR1 subunit, RX871024 failed to increase [Ca(2+)]i. However, insulin secretion in these cells was strongly stimulated by the imidazoline. Thus, a major component of the insulinotropic activity of RX871024 is stimulation of insulin exocytosis independently from changes in K(ATP)-current and [Ca(2+)]i. This means that effects of RX871024 on insulin exocytosis are partly mediated by interaction with proteins distinct from those composing the K(ATP)-channel.
Copyright 2001 Academic Press.