Functional limitations to glucose uptake in muscles comprised of different fiber types.

Halseth AE, Bracy DP, Wasserman DH
Am J Physiol Endocrinol Metab. 2001 280 (6): E994-9

PMID: 11350781 · DOI:10.1152/ajpendo.2001.280.6.E994

Skeletal muscle glucose uptake requires delivery of glucose to the sarcolemma, transport across the sarcolemma, and the irreversible phosphorylation of glucose by hexokinase (HK) inside the cell. Here, a novel method was used in the conscious rat to address the roles of these three steps in controlling the rate of glucose uptake in soleus, a muscle comprised of type I fibers, and two muscles comprised of type II fibers. Experiments were performed on conscious rats under basal conditions or during hyperinsulinemic euglycemic clamps. Rats received primed, constant infusions of 3-O-methyl-[3H]glucose (3-O-MG) and [1-14C]mannitol. Total muscle glucose concentration and the steady-state ratio of intracellular to extracellular 3-O-MG concentration, which distributes based on the transsarcolemmal glucose gradient (TSGG), were used to calculate glucose concentrations at the inner and outer sarcolemmal surfaces ([G](im) and [G](om), respectively) in muscle. Muscle glucose uptake was much lower in muscle comprised of type II fibers than in soleus under both basal and insulin-stimulated conditions. Under all conditions, the TSGG in type II muscle exceeded that in soleus, indicating that glucose transport plays a more important role to limit glucose uptake in type II muscle. Although hyperinsulinemia increased [G](im) in soleus, indicating that phosphorylation was a limiting factor, type II muscle was limited primarily by glucose delivery and glucose transport. In conclusion, the relative importance of glucose delivery, transport, and phosphorylation in controlling the rate of insulin-stimulated muscle glucose uptake varies between muscle fiber types, with glucose delivery and transport being the primary limiting factors in type II muscle.

MeSH Terms (18)

3-O-Methylglucose Animals Carbon Radioisotopes Deoxyglucose Diuretics, Osmotic Energy Metabolism Glucose Clamp Technique Hypoglycemic Agents Insulin Male Mannitol Muscle, Skeletal Muscle Fibers, Fast-Twitch Muscle Fibers, Slow-Twitch Phosphorylation Rats Rats, Sprague-Dawley Tritium

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