Inhibitory role of alpha 6 beta 4-associated erbB-2 and phosphoinositide 3-kinase in keratinocyte haptotactic migration dependent on alpha 3 beta 1 integrin.

Hintermann E, Bilban M, Sharabi A, Quaranta V
J Cell Biol. 2001 153 (3): 465-78

PMID: 11331299 · PMCID: PMC2190561 · DOI:10.1083/jcb.153.3.465

Keratinocytes and other epithelial cells express two receptors for the basement membrane (BM) extracellular matrix component laminin-5 (Ln-5), integrins alpha 3 beta 1 and alpha 6 beta 4. While alpha 3 beta 1 mediates adhesion, spreading, and migration (Kreidberg, J.A. 2000. Curr. Opin. Cell Biol. 12:548--553), alpha 6 beta 4 is involved in BM anchorage via hemidesmosomes (Borradori, L., and A. Sonnenberg. 1999. J. Invest. Dermatol. 112:411--418). We investigated a possible regulatory interplay between alpha 3 beta 1 and alpha 6 beta 4 in cell motility using HaCaT keratinocytes as a model. We found that alpha 6 beta 4 antibodies inhibit alpha 3 beta 1-mediated migration on Ln-5, but only when migration is haptotactic (i.e., spontaneous or stimulated by alpha 3 beta 1 activation), and not when chemotactic (i.e., triggered by epidermal growth factor receptor). Inhibition of migration by alpha 6 beta 4 depends upon phosphoinositide 3-kinase (PI3-K) since it is abolished by PI3-K blockers and by dominant-negative PI3-K, and constitutively active PI3-K prevents haptotaxis. In HaCaT cells incubated with anti-alpha 6 beta 4 antibodies, activation of PI3-K is mediated by alpha 6 beta 4-associated erbB-2, as indicated by erbB-2 autophosphorylation and erbB-2/p85 PI3-K coprecipitation. Furthermore, dominant-negative erbB-2 abolishes inhibition of haptotaxis by anti-alpha 6 beta 4 antibodies. These results support a model whereby (a) haptotactic cell migration on Ln-5 is regulated by concerted action of alpha 3beta 1 and alpha 6 beta 4 integrins, (b) alpha 6 beta 4-associated erbB-2 and PI3-K negatively affect haptotaxis, and (c) chemotaxis on Ln-5 is not affected by alpha 6 beta 4 antibodies and may require PI3-K activity. This model could be of general relevance to motility of epithelial cells in contact with BM.

MeSH Terms (14)

Antigens, Surface Cell Adhesion Molecules Cell Line Cell Movement Chemotaxis Humans Integrin alpha3beta1 Integrin alpha6beta4 Integrins Keratinocytes Phosphatidylinositol 3-Kinases Receptor, ErbB-2 Receptors, Laminin Signal Transduction

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