Phosphorylation-independent association of CXCR2 with the protein phosphatase 2A core enzyme.

Fan GH, Yang W, Sai J, Richmond A
J Biol Chem. 2001 276 (20): 16960-8

PMID: 11278485 · PMCID: PMC2666306 · DOI:10.1074/jbc.M009292200

Protein phosphatase 2A (PP2A) is postulated to be involved in the dephosphorylation of G protein-coupled receptors. In the present study, we demonstrate that the carboxyl terminus of CXCR2 physically interacts with the PP2A core enzyme, a dimer formed by PP2Ac and PR65, but not with the PP2Ac monomer, suggesting direct interaction of the receptor with PR65. The integrity of a sequence motif in the C terminus of CXCR2, KFRHGL, which is conserved in all CC and CXC chemokine receptors, is required for the receptor binding to the PP2A core enzyme. CXCR2 co-immunoprecipitates with the PP2A core enzyme in HEK293 cells and in human neutrophils. Overexpression of dominant negative dynamin 1 (dynamin 1 K44A) in CXCR2-expressing cells blocks the receptor association with the PP2A core enzyme, and an internalization-deficient mutant form of CXCR2 (I323A,L324A) also exhibits impaired association with the PP2A core enzyme, suggesting that the receptor internalization is required for the receptor binding to PP2A. A phosphorylation-deficient mutant of CXCR2 (331T), which has previously been shown to undergo internalization in HEK293 cells, binds to an almost equal amount of the PP2A core enzyme in comparison with the wild-type CXCR2, suggesting that the interaction of the receptor with PP2A is phosphorylation-independent. The dephosphorylation of CXCR2 is reversed by treatment of the cells with okadaic acid. Moreover, pretreatment of the cells with okadaic acid increases basal phosphorylation of CXCR2 and attenuates CXCR2-mediated calcium mobilization and chemotaxis. Taken together, these data indicate that PP2A is involved in the dephosphorylation of CXCR2. We postulate that this interaction results from direct binding of the regulatory subunit A (PR65) of PP2A to the carboxyl terminus of CXCR2 after receptor sequestration and internalization.

MeSH Terms (24)

Amino Acid Sequence Amino Acid Substitution Binding Sites Cell Line Cloning, Molecular Conserved Sequence Endocytosis Humans Molecular Sequence Data Mutagenesis Mutagenesis, Site-Directed Neutrophils Okadaic Acid Phosphoprotein Phosphatases Phosphorylation Protein Phosphatase 2 Receptors, Interleukin-8B Recombinant Fusion Proteins Recombinant Proteins Saccharomyces cerevisiae Sequence Alignment Sequence Deletion Sequence Homology, Amino Acid Transfection

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