Quantified power Doppler US of tumor blood flow correlates with microscopic quantification of tumor blood vessels.

Donnelly EF, Geng L, Wojcicki WE, Fleischer AC, Hallahan DE
Radiology. 2001 219 (1): 166-70

PMID: 11274552 · DOI:10.1148/radiology.219.1.r01ap38166

PURPOSE - To evaluate the ability of a quantified power Doppler ultrasonography (US) system to help quantitate differences in tumor vascularity after radiation therapy and administration of tumor necrosis factor (TNF).

MATERIALS AND METHODS - Murine glioblastoma tumors were grown in the thighs of two sets of 25 mice each. Each mouse was assigned to one of four treatment groups: control (no treatment), radiation therapy, TNF therapy, or combination therapy (both radiation and TNF therapies). Mice were then evaluated with quantified power Doppler US, and a vascularity index (color area) was calculated for different tumor regions in each group. The tumors were then excised, and histologic evaluation was performed by using an immunofluorescence-tagged monoclonal antibody against blood vessel endothelium. The number of stained blood vessels per high-power field was correlated with the sonographically determined vascularity index.

RESULTS - The color area of the total tumor decreased to 37% of that in the control group in mice treated with radiation therapy alone (P: =.02), 26% of that in the control group in mice treated with TNF alone (P: =.05), and 8% of that in the control group in those treated with both TNF and radiation (P: =.006). These results correlated well with the quantified results from immunofluorescent staining (r = 0.98).

CONCLUSION - Quantified power Doppler US is a noninvasive method for the evaluation of tumor vascularity and blood flow.

MeSH Terms (13)

Animals Dose Fractionation, Radiation Glioblastoma Mice Mice, Inbred C57BL Microcirculation Microscopy, Fluorescence Neoplasms, Experimental Neoplasm Transplantation Regional Blood Flow Tumor Cells, Cultured Tumor Necrosis Factor-alpha Ultrasonography, Doppler, Color

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