Characterization of the mouse islet-specific glucose-6-phosphatase catalytic subunit-related protein gene promoter by in situ footprinting: correlation with fusion gene expression in the islet-derived betaTC-3 and hamster insulinoma tumor cell lines.

Bischof LJ, Martin CC, Svitek CA, Stadelmaier BT, Hornbuckle LA, Goldman JK, Oeser JK, Hutton JC, O'Brien RM
Diabetes. 2001 50 (3): 502-14

PMID: 11246869 · DOI:10.2337/diabetes.50.3.502

Glucose-6-phosphatase (G6Pase) is a multicomponent system located in the endoplasmic reticulum comprising a catalytic subunit and transporters for glucose-6-phosphate, inorganic phosphate, and glucose. We have recently cloned a novel gene that encodes an islet-specific G6Pase catalytic subunit-related protein (IGRP) (Ebert et al., Diabetes 48:543-551, 1999). To begin to investigate the molecular basis for the islet-specific expression of the IGRP gene, a series of truncated IGRP-chloramphenicol acetyltransferase (CAT) fusion genes were transiently transfected into the islet-derived mouse betaTC-3 and hamster insulinoma tumor cell lines. In both cell lines, basal fusion gene expression decreased upon progressive deletion of the IGRP promoter sequence between -306 and -66, indicating that multiple promoter regions are required for maximal IGRP-CAT expression. The ligation-mediated polymerase chain reaction footprinting technique was then used to compare trans-acting factor binding to the IGRP promoter in situ in betaTC-3 cells, which express the endogenous IGRP gene, and adrenocortical Y1 cells, which do not. Multiple trans-acting factor binding sites were selectively identified in betaTC-3 cells that correlate with regions of the IGRP promoter identified as being required for basal IGRP-CAT fusion gene expression. The data suggest that hepatocyte nuclear factor 3 may be important for basal IGRP gene expression, as it is for glucagon, GLUT2, and Pdx-1 gene expression. In addition, binding sites for several trans-acting factors not previously associated with islet gene expression, as well as binding sites for potentially novel proteins, were identified.

MeSH Terms (23)

Animals Artificial Gene Fusion Base Sequence Cell Line Chloramphenicol O-Acetyltransferase Cricetinae DNA-Binding Proteins Gene Expression Genes, Reporter Glucose-6-Phosphatase Hepatocyte Nuclear Factor 3-alpha Hepatocyte Nuclear Factor 3-beta Insulinoma Islets of Langerhans Mice Molecular Sequence Data Nuclear Proteins Peptide Fragments Promoter Regions, Genetic Protein Footprinting Proteins Stereoisomerism Transcription Factors

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