Weekly irinotecan and cisplatin in advanced non-small cell lung cancer: a multicenter phase II study.

Jagasia MH, Langer CJ, Johnson DH, Yunus F, Rodgers JS, Schlabach LL, Cohen AG, Shyr Y, Carbone DP, Devore RF
Clin Cancer Res. 2001 7 (1): 68-73

PMID: 11205920

The combination of weekly irinotecan (CPT-11) and monthly cisplatin has shown promising activity in advanced non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC) in previous Phase I and II studies. However, same-day administration of these agents may better exploit their therapeutic synergy and minimize toxicities. This multicenter Phase II study was undertaken to evaluate the efficacy and safety of a combination of weekly CPT-11 and weekly cisplatin in patients with advanced NSCLC. Patients with chemotherapy-naive stage IIIB or IV NSCLC were treated with repeated cycles of therapy comprising weekly treatment with both cisplatin and CPT-11 for 4 weeks, followed by a 2-week rest. The starting doses of CPT-11 and cisplatin were 65 and 30 mg/m2, respectively. Treatment was continued until the occurrence of disease progression, unacceptable toxicity, or a maximum of six cycles. Fifty patients were enrolled. The median age was 59 years (range, 44-79 years). Eastern Cooperative Oncology Group performance status was 0 in 22 patients, 1 in 19 patients, and 2 in 9 patients. Seven and 43 patients had stages IIIB and IV disease, respectively. Five patients had brain metastasis. Patients received a median of three 6-week cycles (range, 1-6). The objective response rate was 36% (18 of 50; 95% confidence interval, 24-54%) and included 18 partial responses. Median time to tumor progression was 6.9 months (range, 0.6-15.2). The median survival was 11.6 months (range, 0.16-21.9 months), and the 1-year survival rate was 46%. Grade 3/4 nonhematological toxicities included vomiting (12%) and diarrhea (26%). Grade 3/4 hematological toxicities included anemia (14%), neutropenia (26%), and thrombocytopenia (14%). Relative dose intensities for CPT-11 and cisplatin were 89 and 62%, respectively. Weekly combined administration of CPT-11 and cisplatin achieved a promising overall response rate, median time to tumor progression, and median survival in patients with stage IIIB/IV NSCLC. The regimen was well tolerated, and the planned dose intensity was well maintained. Further evaluation of this combination in NSCLC is warranted.

MeSH Terms (18)

Adult Aged Antineoplastic Combined Chemotherapy Protocols Camptothecin Carcinoma, Non-Small-Cell Lung Cisplatin Disease Progression Dose-Response Relationship, Drug Drug Administration Schedule Female Humans Irinotecan Lung Neoplasms Male Middle Aged Neoplasm Staging Survival Analysis Treatment Outcome

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