Reduced atherosclerotic lesions in mice deficient for total or macrophage-specific expression of scavenger receptor-A.

Babaev VR, Gleaves LA, Carter KJ, Suzuki H, Kodama T, Fazio S, Linton MF
Arterioscler Thromb Vasc Biol. 2000 20 (12): 2593-9

PMID: 11116058

The absence of the scavenger receptor A (SR-A)-I/II has produced variable effects on atherosclerosis in different murine models. Therefore, we examined whether SR-AI/II deficiency affected atherogenesis in C57BL/6 mice, an inbred strain known to be susceptible to diet-induced atherosclerotic lesion formation, and whether the deletion of macrophage SR-AI/II expression would modulate lesion growth in C57BL/6 mice and LDL receptor (LDLR)(-/-) mice. SR-AI/II-deficient (SR-AI/II(-/-)) female and male mice on the C57BL/6 background were challenged with a butterfat diet for 30 weeks. No differences were detected in plasma lipids between SR-AI/II(-/-) and SR-AI/II(+/+) mice, whereas both female and male SR-AI/II(-/-) mice had a tremendous reduction (81% to 86%) in lesion area of the proximal aorta compared with SR-AI/II(+/+) mice. Next, to analyze the effect of macrophage-specific SR-AI/II deficiency in atherogenesis, female C57BL/6 mice were lethally irradiated, transplanted with SR-AI/II(-/-) or SR-AI/II(+/+) fetal liver cells, and challenged with the butterfat diet for 16 weeks. In a separate experiment, male LDLR(-/-) mice were reconstituted with SR-AI/II(-/-) or SR-AI/II(+/+) fetal liver cells and challenged with a Western diet for 10 weeks. No significant differences in plasma lipids and lipoprotein profiles were noted between the control and experimental groups in either experiment. SR-AI/II(-/-)-->C57BL/6 mice, however, had a 60% reduction in lesion area of the proximal aorta compared with SR-AI/II(+/+)-->C57BL/6 mice. A similar level of reduction (60%) in lesion area was noted in the proximal aorta and the entire aorta en face of SR-AI/II(-/-)-->LDLR(-/-) mice compared with SR-AI/II(+/+)-->LDLR(-/-) mice. These results demonstrate in vivo that SR-AI/II expression has no impact on plasma lipid levels and that macrophage SR-AI/II contributes significantly to atherosclerotic lesion formation.

MeSH Terms (27)

Animals Aorta Arteriosclerosis Body Weight CD36 Antigens Cell Transplantation Cholesterol Diet, Atherogenic Dietary Fats Disease Models, Animal Female Fetus Lipoproteins Liver Macrophages Male Membrane Proteins Mice Mice, Inbred C57BL Receptors, Immunologic Receptors, LDL Receptors, Lipoprotein Receptors, Scavenger Scavenger Receptors, Class A Scavenger Receptors, Class B Time Factors Triglycerides

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