A second-generation genomewide screen for asthma-susceptibility alleles in a founder population.

Ober C, Tsalenko A, Parry R, Cox NJ
Am J Hum Genet. 2000 67 (5): 1154-62

PMID: 11022011 · PMCID: PMC1288558 · DOI:10.1016/S0002-9297(07)62946-2

A genomewide screen for asthma- and atopy-susceptibility loci was conducted, using 563 markers, in 693 Hutterites who are members of a single 15-generation pedigree, nearly doubling the sample size from the authors' earlier studies. The resulting increase in power led to the identification of 23 loci in 18 chromosomal regions showing evidence for linkage that is, in general, 10-fold more significant (P<.001 vs. P<.01) than the linkages reported previously in this population. Moreover, linkages to loci in 11 chromosomal regions were identified for the first time in the Hutterites in this report, including five regions (5p, 5q, 8p, 14q, and 16q) showing evidence both of linkage, by the likelihood ratio (LR) chi(2), and of disequilibrium, by the transmission/disequilibrium test. A region on chromosome 19 continues to show evidence for linkage, by both tests, in this study. Studies of 17 candidate genes provide evidence for association with variation in the IL4RA gene (16p12), the HLA class II genes (6p21), and the interferon-alpha gene cluster (9p22), but the lack of evidence for linkage in these regions by the LR chi(2) test suggests that these are minor susceptibility loci. A polymorphism in the CD14 gene is in linkage disequilibrium with an as yet unidentified susceptibility allele in the 5q cytokine cluster, a region showing evidence for linkage among the Hutterites. Finally, 10 of the regions showing evidence for linkage in the Hutterites have shown evidence of linkage to related phenotypes in other genome screens, suggesting that these regions may contain common alleles that have relatively large effects on asthma and atopy phenotypes in diverse populations.

MeSH Terms (16)

Adult Alleles Asthma Female Founder Effect Genetic Linkage Genetic Predisposition to Disease Genetic Testing Genome, Human Humans Male Microsatellite Repeats Pedigree Polymorphism, Genetic Prevalence South Dakota

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