Lanosterol 14alpha-demethylase (CYP51), NADPH-cytochrome P450 reductase and squalene synthase in spermatogenesis: late spermatids of the rat express proteins needed to synthesize follicular fluid meiosis activating sterol.

Majdic G, Parvinen M, Bellamine A, Harwood HJ, Ku WW, Waterman MR, Rozman D
J Endocrinol. 2000 166 (2): 463-74

PMID: 10927636 · DOI:10.1677/joe.0.1660463

Lanosterol 14alpha-demethylase (CYP51) is a cytochrome P450 enzyme involved primarily in cholesterol biosynthesis. CYP51 in the presence of NADPH-cytochrome P450 reductase converts lanosterol to follicular fluid meiosis activating sterol (FF-MAS), an intermediate of cholesterol biosynthesis which accumulates in gonads and has an additional function as oocyte meiosis-activating substance. This work shows for the first time that cholesterogenic enzymes are highly expressed only in distinct stages of spermatogenesis. CYP51, NADPH-P450 reductase (the electron transferring enzyme needed for CYP51 activity) and squalene synthase (an enzyme preceding CYP51 in the pathway) proteins have been studied. CYP51 was detected in step 3-19 spermatids, with large amounts in the cytoplasm/residual bodies of step 19 spermatids, where P450 reductase was also observed. Squalene synthase was immunodetected in step 2-15 spermatids of the rat, indicating that squalene synthase and CYP51 proteins are not equally expressed in same stages of spermatogenesis. Discordant expression of cholesterogenic genes may be a more general mechanism leading to transient accumulation of pathway intermediates in spermatogenesis. This study provides the first evidence that step 19 spermatids and residual bodies of the rat testis have the capacity to produce MAS sterols in situ.

MeSH Terms (17)

Animals Cholestenes Cytochrome P-450 Enzyme System Farnesyl-Diphosphate Farnesyltransferase Immunoblotting Immunohistochemistry Leydig Cells Liver Male NADPH-Ferrihemoprotein Reductase Oxidoreductases Rats Rats, Sprague-Dawley Rats, Wistar Spermatids Spermatogenesis Sterol 14-Demethylase

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