Creation of a stress-activated p90 ribosomal S6 kinase. The carboxyl-terminal tail of the MAPK-activated protein kinases dictates the signal transduction pathway in which they function.

Smith JA, Poteet-Smith CE, Lannigan DA, Freed TA, Zoltoski AJ, Sturgill TW
J Biol Chem. 2000 275 (41): 31588-93

PMID: 10922375 · DOI:10.1074/jbc.M005892200

Mitogen-activated protein kinase-activated protein kinases (MAPKAPKs) lie immediately downstream of the mitogen-activated protein kinases (MAPKs), extracellular signal-regulated kinase (ERK), and p38 MAPK. Although the family of MAPKAPKs shares sequence similarity, it demonstrates selectivity for the upstream activator. Here we demonstrate that each of the ERK- and p38 MAPK-regulated MAPKAPKs contains a MAPK docking site positioned distally to the residue(s) phosphorylated by MAPKs. The isolated MAPK docking sites show specificity for the upstream activator similar to that reported for the full-length proteins. Moreover, replacement of the ERK docking site of p90 ribosomal S6 kinase with the p38 MAPK docking site of MAPKAPK2 converts p90 ribosomal S6 kinase into a stress-activated kinase in vivo. It is apparent that mechanisms controlling events downstream of the proline-directed MAPKs involve specific MAPK docking sites within the carboxyl termini of the MAPKAPKs that determine the cascade in which the MAPKAPK functions.

MeSH Terms (22)

Amino Acid Sequence Animals Binding Sites Cell Line Cricetinae Enzyme Activation Humans MAP Kinase Signaling System Mitogen-Activated Protein Kinase Kinases Mitogen-Activated Protein Kinases Molecular Sequence Data p38 Mitogen-Activated Protein Kinases Phosphorylation Precipitin Tests Protein Engineering Protein Structure, Tertiary Rats Receptors, Estrogen Recombinant Fusion Proteins Ribosomal Protein S6 Kinases Substrate Specificity Transfection

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