A method using reversed-phase liquid chromatography coupled with electrospray ionization and selected reaction monitoring mass spectrometry has been developed for the quantitative analysis of ganciclovir in rat plasma. Acyclovir, a structurally related analog of ganciclovir, was used as the internal standard. A small volume of plasma (50 microL) was spiked with the internal standard and plasma proteins were precipitated by methanol. The supernatant was dried under nitrogen, and then reconstituted in water. The use of liquid chromatography/selected reaction monitoring/mass spectrometry effectively eliminated potential interference from endogenous constituents in the plasma. This highly selective and sensitive method made it possible to analyze plasma ganciclovir with a lower limit of quantitation of 10 ng/mL. The assay was reproducible and linear in the range 10-10,000 ng/mL. The precision and accuracy values were in the range 2.0-6.9% and 89.0-109.6%, respectively. The analyte recovery was greater than 88%. This method was successfully used to monitor the pharmacokinetic profile of ganciclovir in normal rats following intraperitoneal administration of the drug.
Copyright 2000 John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.